Items tagged with proportionality

Item title Description
UN expert calls for a fundamental shift in global drug control policy [26-10-10] At a press conference in New York on Tuesday 26 October, at the 65th session of the United Nations General Assembly, one of the UN’s key human rights ...
Drug Law Reform: Lessons from the New Zealand Experience [19-08-10] In 2007, the Government of New Zealand entrusted an independent agency, the National Law Commission, to review the country’s drug law. The Commission ...
Right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health [06-08-10] The current international system of drug control has focused on creating a drug-free world, almost exclusively through use of law enforcement policies...
Obama Signs Drug Parity Law [04-08-10] President Obama signed legislation on Tuesday reducing sentencing disparities between those caught with crack and those arrested with powder cocaine...
A Matter of Substance [26-07-10] This paper discusses the “substance-oriented approach” Dutch authorities implemented to to scare off potential small-scale cocaine smugglers. The fo...
Sentencing for Drug Offences in England and Wales [09-06-10] Sentencing for drug offences in England and Wales has recently undergone a wide-sweeping review and public consultation. The purpose of this report is...
IDPC Drug Policy Guide [01-03-10] This is the second edition ofthe IDPCDrug Policy Guideaimed atnational government policy makers. This publication is a collaborative effort by a numbe...
Sentencing for Drug Offences [01-03-10] In determining the seriousness of a drug offence the courts should focus on the quantity of the drug involved (or the scale of the operation) and the ...
Trends in Drug Law Reform in Europe and Latin America [26-01-10] This presentation gives a short overview of legislative reforms in Europe and Latin America that provide lessons learned in practice about less puniti...
Drug offences: sentencing and other outcomes [01-11-09] The sentences that offenders receive for drug law violations across the European Union are examined for the first time in this ‘Selected issue’. By an...
Legislative Innovation in Drug Policy [01-11-09] This briefing summarizes good practices in legislative reforms around the world, representing steps away from a repressive zero-tolerance model toward...
Drug Decriminalization: A Trend Takes Shape [21-09-09] The trend of "drug decriminalization" is quickly taking shape in Latin America. Increasingly, many countries are leaning toward decriminaliz...
Setting sights on future of drug policy [05-08-09] Participants of the Seminar "Drugs Policies: Progresses and Retrocessions", held in Rio de Janeiro by Viva Rio and the Federal University of...
Drug Policy Reform in Practice [01-07-09] The academic journal Nueva Sociedad recently released an issue to promote the debate in Latin America on drug policy reform. TNI contributed with th...
Tráfico de drogas e Constituição [01-03-09] This study commissioned by the Brazilian Ministry of Justice underlines the disparity that exists between the depenalization of drug use and the inc...
Promotion and protection of all human rights, civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights, including the right to development [14-01-09] The Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment submits his third report to the Human Rights Council. ...
Towards Effective Sentencing [22-07-08] The purpose of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 in the United Kingdom was to provide overall structure and clarity to sentencing in England and Wales by ...
The current state of drug policy debate [30-04-08] Martin Jelsma, from the Transnational Institute, prepared an analysis for the Latin American Commission on Drugs and Democracy, explaining the drug po...
Mandatory Minimum Sentences for Drug Offences [01-04-06] The use of illegal drugs is often associated with a wide range of health, social and community problems, substantial drug-related crime, and stigma an...
The New York State Adult Drug Court Evaluation [01-10-03] By combining drug treatment with ongoing judicial supervision, drug courts seek to break the cycle of addiction, crime, and repeat incarceration. Whil...

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Study: The ‘gateway drug’ is alcohol, not marijuana

A study in the August edition of The Journal of School Health finds that the generations old theory of a “gateway drug” effect is in fact accurate for some drug users, but shifts the blame for those addicts’ escalating substance abuse away from marijuana and onto the most pervasive and socially accepted drug in American life: alcohol.

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UN Drug Control

In 2011 the 1961 UN Single Convention on drugs will be in place for 50 years. In 2012 the international drug control system will exist 100 years since the International Opium Convention was signed in 1912 in The Hague. Does it still serve its purpose or is a reform of the UN Drug Conventions needed? This site provides critical background.

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